What Business Category to Claim Freelance Graphic Design Business on Taxes
what business category to claim freelance graphic design business on taxes

Look no further! In this article, we’ll guide you through the different options available, such as sole proprietorship, limited liability company (LLC), S Corporation, partnership, professional corporation (PC), and cooperative. By understanding each category, you can make an informed decision that suits your specific needs. Get ready to navigate the world of taxes with confidence and maximize your freelance graphic design business’s financial benefits.

Sole Proprietorship

If you are a freelance graphic designer, you can claim your business as a sole proprietorship on your taxes. Choosing this business category can offer you numerous benefits and tax advantages. As a sole proprietor, you have complete control over your business and its finances. You don’t need to go through the complex process of registering your business with the state, making it easier and more cost-effective to get started. Additionally, there are no separate taxes for the business entity itself. Instead, you report your business income and expenses on your personal tax return using Schedule C. This allows you to take advantage of various deductions and credits that can significantly reduce your taxable income. Some common deductions include expenses related to your home office, equipment, software, professional development, and marketing. By claiming your freelance graphic design business as a sole proprietorship, you can maximize your tax savings and keep more of your hard-earned money in your pocket.

Limited Liability Company (LLC)

To continue the discussion from the previous subtopic of sole proprietorship, consider forming a Limited Liability Company (LLC) to further protect your freelance graphic design business and potentially reduce your personal liability. An LLC is a popular business structure that combines the flexibility of a partnership with the limited liability of a corporation. Here are some advantages of forming an LLC:

  • Separate Legal Entity: Unlike a sole proprietorship, an LLC is treated as a separate legal entity. This means that your personal assets are protected from business liabilities, such as debts or lawsuits.
  • Pass-through Taxation: Similar to a sole proprietorship, an LLC enjoys pass-through taxation. This means that the profits and losses of the business are passed through to the individual members, who report them on their personal tax returns. This can simplify the tax process and potentially result in lower tax rates.
  • Flexibility in Management: An LLC offers flexibility in terms of management structure. You can choose to have a single-member LLC, where you are the sole owner and manager, or a multi-member LLC, where you have partners who share in the management and decision-making.
  • Credibility and Professionalism: Forming an LLC can enhance the credibility and professionalism of your freelance graphic design business. Clients and potential business partners may view an LLC as more trustworthy and serious compared to a sole proprietorship.

S Corporation

Continue protecting your freelance graphic design business and potentially reduce your personal liability by considering the option of forming an S Corporation. An S Corporation is a type of business entity that offers limited liability protection, just like an LLC, but with additional tax benefits. By electing S Corporation status, your business can avoid double taxation, which is a common concern for many small business owners.

One of the main advantages of an S Corporation is the pass-through taxation. This means that the profits and losses of the business are passed through to the shareholders and reported on their individual tax returns. As a result, the business itself does not pay federal income tax. This can lead to significant tax savings, especially if your business is generating substantial profits.

In addition to the tax benefits, an S Corporation also provides personal liability protection. This means that your personal assets, such as your home or car, are generally protected from any business liabilities. However, it’s important to note that personal guarantees on loans or improper commingling of personal and business funds can still expose you to personal liability.

To qualify for S Corporation status, your business must meet certain requirements, such as having fewer than 100 shareholders, only one class of stock, and being a domestic corporation. It’s also important to consult with a tax professional or an attorney to ensure that forming an S Corporation is the right choice for your specific situation.


Consider forming a partnership for your freelance graphic design business to share the responsibilities and profits with another individual or entity. A partnership can provide several advantages for your business, including increased financial resources, shared decision-making, and the ability to deduct certain expenses on your taxes. When it comes to tax deductions, partnerships offer unique opportunities that can help reduce your overall tax liability. Here are some key tax deductions to consider as a partnership:

  • Business expenses: As a partnership, you can deduct ordinary and necessary expenses related to your graphic design business. This includes expenses such as office rent, software subscriptions, and marketing costs.
  • Self-employment taxes: Unlike other business structures, partnerships are not subject to self-employment taxes. Instead, partners are required to pay self-employment taxes on their share of the partnership’s profits. However, you can deduct a portion of these taxes as a business expense.

In addition to these deductions, partnerships also allow for the distribution of profits and losses among partners, which can be advantageous for tax purposes. It’s important to consult with a tax professional to ensure you are taking full advantage of all the tax deductions available to your partnership.

Professional Corporation (PC)

You can claim your freelance graphic design business as a Professional Corporation (PC) on your taxes. Setting up a professional corporation for your freelance graphic design business can provide you with several tax advantages. One of the main benefits is the ability to deduct certain expenses that are specific to your profession. This includes deductions for equipment, software, office supplies, and even professional development courses or conferences. By organizing your business as a professional corporation, you can also take advantage of lower tax rates for corporations, which can result in significant tax savings.

To set up a professional corporation for your freelance graphic design business, you will need to follow a few steps. First, you need to choose a name for your corporation and ensure that it complies with the regulations of your state. Next, you will need to file the necessary paperwork with the appropriate state agency, which typically includes articles of incorporation and a certificate of formation. You will also need to obtain any required licenses or permits for your business. Finally, you should consult with a tax professional or attorney to ensure that you are following all tax regulations and taking advantage of all available deductions.


Setting up a cooperative for your freelance graphic design business can provide tax advantages and collaborative opportunities. Cooperatives are unique business entities that are owned and operated by their members. Here are some key benefits of choosing a cooperative structure for your freelance graphic design business:

  • Increased collaboration: As a member of a cooperative, you have the opportunity to collaborate with other professionals in your field. This can lead to valuable partnerships, shared resources, and a supportive network that can help you grow your business.
  • Shared decision-making: In a cooperative, decisions are made collectively by the members. This means that you have a say in the direction and policies of the business, allowing for a more democratic and inclusive approach to running your freelance graphic design business.
  • Tax advantages: Cooperatives often enjoy certain tax benefits. For example, members may be eligible for tax deductions on their contributions to the cooperative, and the cooperative itself may qualify for tax exemptions or credits.
  • Risk-sharing: By pooling resources and sharing risks, cooperatives provide a sense of security for their members. This can be particularly beneficial for freelancers, who often face the uncertainties of a fluctuating market.
Share the Post: